Stocks vs Bonds – Which Is Better?

Stocks vs Bonds – Which Is Better?


Everyone falls into debt. Whether it’s your neighbor, family member or yourself, we all have to recover from our mistakes, learn from it, and start making wise investments. Likewise, the government and large corporations are also susceptible to debts. In this regard, their objective is to secure a loan. Since large corporations need more money than the average person or a group of persons for that matter, they might resort to borrowing from financial organizations. Often times, these corporations need more money than the banks can offer. In this regard, bonds come into play. In simple terms, bonds refer to a loan in which you are the one lending the money. Any company that sells a bond is referred to as an issuer while the lender refers to the investor.

Now that I know about bonds, what about stocks?

Not only do people invest in bonds but they also invest in stocks. Stocks refer to an assertion of assets and revenue in a company. It involves shares in which you are given part ownership as a result of your investments. Many people have doubts about these tools and may express their concerns in investing in either bonds or stocks, with relations to their similarities and differences.

Similarities of bonds and stocks

Bonds and stocks are both financial tools that are used by investors to make a profit or capital on what they have invested. Both tools are used by organizations to assist in acquiring funds whether for expansion or operation purposes. Furthermore, the governance of both trades is done by security boards locally. In addition, these too money making tools are known to afford investors security. Even though bonds and stocks are deemed to be secured, they are not risks free.

Differences with bonds and stocks

Stocks are accompanied by greater risks in relation to bonds. Since stocks are ownerships within a company, if that company loses money then the shareholders likewise lose money and vice versa. However, since bonds are loans that are offered at a fixed rate of interest, they are paid back at a fixed price or cost in the form of interest. This means that if the company loses money, you are still entitled to what you formerly invested as a bond. In this respect, bonds are more secured in comparison to stocks. In case a company files for bankruptcy, those that are holding stocks (shareholders) are the last in line to receive anything.

While you are entitled to ownership of a company as a shareholder, whether a small or large part, as an individual holding bond (lender), you share the debt of the company. While shareholders are part owners and are allowed to make future decisions that impact the company, lenders are not given this privilege. Shareholders share in the profits of the company in the form of dividends while lenders are only entitled to what was stipulated in the terms before they shared the debt of the company. They are given returns on their investments but only a fixed return (interest). A higher return is able to be made, provided that the company profits.

Whatever method of investing you choose whether investing in bonds or stocks, always take into consideration that they both attract some level of risks but are able to acquire you great returns.

Outlook of the Stock Market In 2018

Outlook of the Stock Market In 2018

Stock market

This article will teach people how to invest and give you information on trends in the Canadian economy and outlook of the stock market in the year 2018.

It is expected the Canadian economy should grow by about 2.2% in 2018 which is slow compared to the 3.1 growth in 2017 but it is still a steady and decent growth on a global standard. Having the industrial and commercial provinces as engines to drive the economy such as British Columbia, Alberta, Ontario, and Saskatchewan. The Atlantic Provinces in Canada will a much slower growth rate of about 1% to the 2.2% forecast.

Interest Rates

For the first time in over 7 years, the Bank of Canada raised the interest rate twice. This is decisive information for Canadian stock markets. Both of the increase presents to country lenders the much-anticipated margin boosts in lending. But the higher interest rate implies that it would be more expensive to borrow money globally which in turn will have a negative impact on businesses in Canada. For business owners, it means it will cost more to borrow money.

NAFTA negotiation stall

The renegotiation of North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)(link NAFTA to nafta website Jojie) by the Canadian and United States Government has called for concerns. With up to 2/3 of Canadian goods and services to be exported to the US, the NAFTA agreement is very important to exporters in Canada. There will be a drastic change in tariffs back to the standards of the World Trade Organization if the NAFTA doesn’t work out. The Agreement will be very helpful because Canada depends on the majority of its trade with the US and the world at large. The Canadian dollar could depreciate by about 5% against the US dollar with will cushion the higher export prices.

Oil Price

The prices of a barrel of crude oil are expected to be within 50 dollars to 65 dollars range and it is expected to stay that way in 2018. There is been a positive impact on the prices of crude oil worldwide due to increase in economic activities. The agreement reached by oil-producing countries with OPEC to reduce oil production has helped drastically to stabilize the oil prices. This will help increase growth in the Atlantic and western part of Canada.

The ever-expanding economy of the world presents an incredible chance for Canadian investors to channel themselves for development and maximize the opportunities for the growth in the Canadian economy. Will the interest rates still fairly low, it is a great time to invest to be competitive and productive.

The History of Apple

The History of Apple


When I was first learning how to buy stocks, (which by the way, was a long time ago) Apple was nothing more than a start up company looking to make a big splash in the tech market.Apple was founded in 1976 by three college dropouts, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne. Mr. Jobs and Mr. Wayne worked at the gaming company Atari and Mr. Wozniak worked for Hewlett Packard and spent a lot of time hanging out in Steve Jobs garage. They had incorporated Apple in 1976 but Wayne left and sold his share of the company for just $800 3 months after its inception. Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak set a goal to develop a computer that was not only user friendly but small enough to put into homes and small offices.

What was Apples first computer?

In the beginning, the Apple 1 started out in Steve Jobs’ garage. The first apple was a DIY kit and did not include a monitor or keyboard and was sold for several hundred dollars; however, this equipment was added in 1977.

Then the Apple II was developed with color graphics in 1980. This changed the industry forever when it was launched to the public. The Apple II pushed sales to $117 million dollars and being the first all-in-one computer ever.

The fallout of Apple

Mr. Wozniak left Apple in 1983 and Mr. Jobs left in 1985 after he founded NeXT Software and purchasing Pixar from George Lucas which led to computer animation. Mr. Jobs then hired John Scully of Pepsi Co as President, which later may have been a mistake. Mr. Scully failed to cut a deal with Bill Gates to license Microsoft, which became their biggest competition.

Apple did well throughout the 1980s and in 1990 Mr. Jobs purchased a small company called Adobe which he set in motion to become desktop publishing before he left. By 1990s the company had peaked and by 1996 interest in Apple has dropped so low they were thought to be “done”.

The resurgence of Apple

In 1997 the company being desperate reached out to Steve Jobs for help at which time Mr. Jobs built an alliance with Microsoft to create a Mac or Macintosh version of its office software creating a graphical interface. This was a major move up for Apple, leading to the launch of the IBook, IPod and IPhone. These changes put Apple back in the industry as a viable competitor making this the most profitable part of Apples’ history. Steve Jobs and John Scully did not get along and Scully left the company stating that Jobs was relentless.
In 1998, Apple had two of the best characteristics. It was self contained and there was no complicated set up. It basically went from the box to the desk and one only needed to plug it in. This design made the Mac a best seller and they were selling faster than they were making them.

In 1999, the Apple I computer became the most collectible PC (Personal computer) of all time.

How is Apple doing today?

After becoming a pioneer in the computer industry multiple times and pushing the limits of technology past what was thought to be possible, Apple Inc continues to impact the marking leaving its mark. Today Apple continues to compete for the majority of the market and has continued to profit. Steve Jobs died October 5th 2005 but did not leave this world without his name being written down in the history books for our future generations to learn where their everyday handheld technology gadgets started and who was responsible.

Dollar Cost Averaging For Your Investments

Dollar Cost Averaging For Your Investments

Dollar cost averaging for your investments is important because you must find a way of keeping your costs similar across all investments that you make. You will find that you may make a similar investment whether a stock is expensive or not, and you will begin to control your money much better than you would have in the past. Consider how you will spend regulated amounts of money on investments rather than slinging your cash around with every new idea you come across.

What Is Dollar Cost Averaging?

You are planning to spend the same amount of money on a particular stock regardless of its price. This means that you have a budget for the investment, and you will not exceed that budget. You will plan to use the money you have set aside to buy from that company alone, and you will determine how many shares you buy because of your budget. A company with expensive stocks will yield only a few shares, but a company with cheap stocks will give you the chance to buy many shares. You are spending a dollar amount on a company and you don’t care about the amount of shares you get. This goes against the method people imagine stocks are bought, but it is much safer.

Why Do You Need Dollar Cost Averaging?

You need a way to start on a budget and stay on your budget. You will find that the average price you decide to spend may be recorded for that company, and you can easily calculate what your return will be. You are not planning to buy more shares in the future so much as you are planning to assign more money to this company.

Who Needs Dollar Cost Averaging?

Young and small investors will find that dollar cost averaging is a very investment plan. You may spend a certain amount of money on a company, and you will track the progress of that money until you are ready to sell or continue investing. You can clearly see what your returns are, and you are not over complicating the process. You do not get excited and buy more shares because you have committed to the budget you currently have.

How Do You Choose An Average?

The average that you choose will ensure that you have spent a worthy amount of money on each company. You can study these companies to learn how much you should spend, and you will find that you may use the average to assign an priority to a company, whether it be your best, or worst investment. A company that is not growing will have a low priority, but a company that could grow a lot has a high priority. You are simply using your research to set a basic budget.


To dollar cost average, you simply decide a dollar amount you want to spend on a company and you execute the trade. You do not buy 100 shares. You plan to spend $100 on the company. You will use dollar cost averaging to keep your money safe, and you will ensure that you have studied and invested in each company the right way.

The Average Return of The Stock Market

The Average Return of The Stock Market

stock market
The average return of the stock market for basic stocks since 1926 has been 10.5 percent. This sum incorporates both stock value development and profits earned. Remember however, that execution has changed drastically starting with one decade then onto the next. In the 1950s and 60s, for instance, the average return was around 15 percent, but the 1970s gave financial specialists not as much as a 5 percent average rate of return.

Organization Measure

Yearly rates of return differ among different kinds of organizations. Vast organizations, with billions of dollars in capitalization, are called a substantial top or blue-chip stocks. Amid the decade beginning in 2000, blue-chip stocks have earned only 4.3 percent every year, as indicated by Bloomberg’s Businessweek. In the interim, top organizations have improved as of late, returning an average of 9.69 percent amid a similar period.

Average Returns are Controlled By Market Averages

Average rates of return are ascertained given market composites or mutual funds. A mutual fund is a gathering of stocks picked to expand to different market areas. Singular stocks can fail to meet expectations of market averages. Numerous common assets are intended to reflect market lists, for example, the S&P 500.

Market Cycles

The stock market offers a decent impression of the economy. Free market economies are recurrent, and they waver between times of monetary blast and financial bust. In the stock market, times of increase are called bull markets and times of decrease are called bear markets. In the vicinity of 1929 and 2009, there were 14 bear market cycles enduring in the vicinity of one and 10 years each. The average rate of return for stocks will depend enormously on when you purchase and on any bear market cycles that happen following your purchase.

But where does that 7% number originate from?

My essential hotspot for that number originates from Warren Buffett, who claims point-clear that you ought to expect a 6-7% yearly average return of the stock market over the long haul. In that article, Buffett depicts the investigation that drove him to that sort of conclusion:

“The economy, as measured by total national output, can be required to develop at a yearly rate of around 3 percent over the long haul, and swelling of 2 percent would drive ostensible Gross domestic product development to 5 percent, Buffett said. Stocks will presumably ascend at about that rate, and profit installments will support add up to returns to 6 percent to 7 percent”

“The Standard and Poor’s 500 Record, a benchmark for U.S. stocks, surged 18 percent a year on average from 1982 to 1999. The positively trending market polluted speculator desires, Buffett said. Surveys in the late 1990s demonstrated a few speculators anticipated that stocks would pick up 14 percent to 15 percent a year”

“‘Suspecting that in a low-expansion condition is imagining”

Past that, the long haul information for the stock market indicates that 7% number too. For the period 1950 to 2009, if you alter the S&P 500 for swelling and record for profits, the average yearly return turns out to precisely 7.0%. Check the information for yourself. Given these two things – the crude authentic information and the examination of Warren Buffett – I’m willing to utilize 7% as a gauge of long-haul stock market returns. There’s one major issue. Past execution is no sign of future outcomes. That basic proclamation is valid for any speculation. It’s valid for nearly anything in life. If there is one guarantee, it’s that we cannot predict the market.